Norway: The Flåm Railway

Discussion in 'Suggestions' started by elatn, Sep 9, 2020.

  1. elatn

    elatn Active Member

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    Flåmsbana (The Flåm Railway)
    [​IMG]
    From the arms of the fjords to the snowy mountains. The Flåm Railway takes you through the beautiful, stunning and dramatic nature of Western Norway. The Flåm Railway is one of Norway's most visited and distinctive tourist attractions because of it's steep gradient, starting at 2.0 meters above the main sea level and ending at 866 meters AMSL in only 20 kilometers. With the line's steepest gradient at 55 permille makes it Northern Europe's steepest adhesion railway.

    Technical information:

    - Route length: 20.4 kilometers.

    - Operated by Vy (former NSB).

    - Travel time: Between 45 minutes to 1 hour

    - The maximum speed on this line is 40 km/h going upwards, and 30 km/h going downwards.

    - The maximum radius of curvature is 130 meters.

    - Power output is 15 kV AC, 16 2/3 Hz

    - Track gauge of 1 435 mm, normal gauge.

    - Steepest gradient of 55 permille, or 1:18.

    The Flåm Railway was built between 1923 and 1944 including preparation, track building and electrification. The line was opened in 1940 by the Germans, but not officially opened before 1980. The line was built to transport goods, post and passengers from the farms and houses in high mountains to the coast. Due to the large height difference, the line was built with sharp curves as well as horseshoe curves inside the tunnels so the trains were able to climb up the mountain faster. During the German invasion of Norway in 1940, the construction works stopped a short while before the Germans took over. The line was electrified in 1944.

    According to the Norwegian newspaper Dagens Næringsliv, 1.4 million people visited Flåm in 2017. 90% of all these people were foreign. 40% came from Asia which is the largest group of the visitors.

    The train:
    The Flåm Railway is only operated by locomotive and wagons. Every train has up to 6 coaches and 2 locomotives. The EL18, a classic express locomotive, is the flagship of the long-distance trains between Oslo and Bergen/Stavanger/Trondheim. This is the Norwegian version of the Swiss Re 460 locomotive with an engine from Re 465. This locomotive have a mounted plow in order to deal with the massive amount of snow in the Norwegian high mountains. They are owned by the train rental company Norske Tog AS.

    Locomotive type EL18
    [​IMG]

    Screenshot of the cabin of EL18. The same as Re 460, but on the right-hand side.
    e1.png

    Passenger coach type B3 - The wagons used are type B3. They were built between 1962 and 1973 with a max speed of 120 km/h.
    [​IMG]

    The stations:

    Flåm - Starting point. 2 meters above sea level. Located deep inside the Aurland Fjord, a fjord arm from the largest fjord in Norway called Sognefjorden, surrounded by tall mountains. The station is operated by a station master. The station was opened in 1940.
    YouTube@RailCowGirl.png

    Lunden
    - 16 meters above sea level. Single track stop where trains only stop at demand. Opened in 1942.
    [​IMG]

    Håreina
    - 48 meters above sea level. Another single track stop where trains only stop at demand. Opened in 1941.
    [​IMG]

    Berekvam
    - 343.8 meters above sea level. Operated by a station master and it's the only station on the line where trains can meet. Only one platform. Opened in 1940.
    [​IMG]


    Blomheller
    - 450 meters above sea level. The same type of single track stop. Opened in 1942.
    [​IMG]


    Kjosfossen
    - 670 meters above sea level. Single track stop. The famous Kjosfossen waterfall is right beside the platform. It's fall length is approx. 225 meters. The trains only stop here during the summer. On the other side of the stop, there is a power station powering The Flåm Railway. By the way, during the summer, Huldra will sing and dance here to attract men to follow her into the mountains which is not a good idea!
    [​IMG]


    Reinunga
    - 768 meters above sea level. Demand stop. Opened in 1942.
    [​IMG]


    Vatnahalsen
    - 811 meters above sea level. Demand stop. There is a hotel nearby who has the same name. Opened in 1941.
    [​IMG]


    Myrdal
    - End of The Flåm Line. Opened in 1908. Operated by a station master. Located 866.8 meters above sea level. Connection to the Oslo to Bergen Line (Bergensbanen).
    [​IMG]

    Landmarks:
    Flåm Church - Church from the 1600s with modern design. Located nearby the railway tracks.
    [​IMG]

    Rjoandefossen waterfall - A fall of 150 meters. Completely freezes in winter.
    [​IMG]

    Kjosfossen waterfall - A fall of 225 meters. Also freezes in winter.
    [​IMG]

    "Hylla" - A tunnel window. The railway goes through this tunnel and you can see the Flåm Valley from there.
    ggddhjhdf.bmp.jpg

    Reinungavatnet lake
    [​IMG]

    Vatnahalsen Hotel
    [​IMG]


    I think this is a good suggestion for Dovetail Games where you can discover the beautiful nature of Western Norway and challenge yourself to drive on the steepest railway line in Northern Europe, especially with the new adhesion physics.

    Please let me know if something is wrong and should be edited.

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sources (Updated 09.09.2020):
    - Picture 1 The Flåm Railway - Unknown photographer

    - Bane NOR - https://www.banenor.no/Jernbanen/Banene/Flamsbana/ (In Norwegian)
    - Dagens Næringsliv - https://www.dn.no/reiseliv/kina/tur...mer-den-nye-kinesiske-turistbolgen/2-1-134133 (In Norwegian)
    - Picture 2 Locomotive EL18 - ©Ilkka Siissalo - https://www.nic.funet.fi/index/pics...ic/no-nsb-flaamsbanatog-flaam-020716-full.jpg

    - Picture 3 EL18 Cabin - YouTube screenshot: ©RailCowGirl - https://www.youtube.com/RailCowGirl/
    - Picture 4 type B3 passenger coach - ©Ilkka Siissalo - https://www.nic.funet.fi/index/pics...no-nsb-flaamsbanavogner-flaam-020716-full.jpg

    - Picture 5 Flåm station - YouTube screenshot: ©RailCowGirl - https://www.youtube.com/RailCowGirl/
    - Picture 6 Lunden stop - ©Jan-Tore Egge - https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunden_holdeplass
    - Picture 7 Håreina stop - ©Banja-Frans Mulder - https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Håreina_holdeplass

    - Picture 8 Berekvam station - ©Hans Christian Davidsen - https://www.rail-pictures.com/bild/...s~Various/34759/el-18-2252-on-the-fl229m.html
    - Picture 9 Blomheller stop - ©Hannob - https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Blomheller-station.jpg
    - Picture 10 Kjosfossen stop - ©Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...oversikt/flamsbana/kjosfossen/kjosfossen6.jpg
    - Picture 11 Reinunga stop - ©Lolsson2 -
    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/Reinunga_hpl.JPG/1280px-Reinunga_hpl.JPG
    - Picture 12 Vatnahalsen stop - ©Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...versikt/flamsbana/vatnahalsen/vatnahalsen.jpg
    - Picture 13 Myrdal station - ©Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...jonsoversikt/bergensbanen/myrdal/myrdala3.jpg
    - Picture 14 Flåm church - Unknown photographer - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_1063-scaled.jpg
    - Picture 15 Rjoandefossen waterfall - Unknown photographer - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_1071-scaled.jpg
    - Picture 16 Kjosfossen waterfall - Unknown photographer - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_0297-scaled.jpg

    - Picture 17 Hylla tunnel window - ©Tor Tollnes - No link.
    - Picture 18 Reinungavatnet lake - Unknown photographer - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_0286-scaled.jpg
    - Picture 19 Vatnahalsen Mountain Hotel - Unknown photographer - https://images.citybreakcdn.com/image.aspx?ImageId=4669730&width=1000&height=1000&fitaspect=1
     
    Last edited: Sep 14, 2020
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  2. Rail Runner

    Rail Runner Well-Known Member

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    Thumbs Up From Me! :)
    Anything Scandinavian will do, be it, Denmark, Norway, Sweden or Finland. Anything would be good fun to drive.
     
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  3. Michael Newbury

    Michael Newbury Well-Known Member

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    Same for me thumbs up
     
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  4. jedi247

    jedi247 Well-Known Member

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    Really beautiful scenery. This route should be made.
     
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  5. Purno

    Purno Well-Known Member

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    Looks very interesting. Make it happen DTG! :)
     
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  6. Amax

    Amax Active Member

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    [QUOTE = "elatn, post: 173697, membre: 9607"]
    Flåmsbana (le chemin de fer Flåm)
    [​IMG]
    Des bras des fjords aux montagnes enneigées. Le Flåm Railway vous emmène à travers la nature magnifique, époustouflante et spectaculaire de l'ouest de la Norvège. Le chemin de fer de Flåm est l'une des attractions touristiques les plus visitées et les plus distinctives de Norvège en raison de sa forte pente, commençant à 2,0 mètres au-dessus du niveau principal de la mer et se terminant à 866 mètres AMSL en seulement 20 kilomètres. Avec la plus forte pente de la ligne à 55 permilles, c'est le chemin de fer le plus raide d'Europe du Nord.

    Informations techniques:

    - Longueur du parcours: 20,4 kilomètres.

    - Exploité par Vy (ancien NSB).

    - Durée du trajet: entre 45 minutes et 1 heure

    - La vitesse maximale sur cette ligne est de 40 km / h vers le haut et de 30 km / h vers le bas.

    - Le rayon de courbure maximum est de 130 mètres.

    - La puissance de sortie est de 15 kV AC, 16 2/3 Hz

    - Ecartement des voies de 1 435 mm, écartement normal.

    - Pente la plus raide de 5,5 permilles, soit 1:18.

    Le chemin de fer de Flåm a été construit entre 1923 et 1944, y compris la préparation, la construction de voies et l'électrification. La ligne a été ouverte en 1940 par les Allemands, mais pas officiellement ouverte avant 1980. La ligne a été construite pour transporter des marchandises, des postes et des passagers des fermes et des maisons en haute montagne jusqu'à la côte. En raison de la grande différence de hauteur, la ligne a été construite dans des courbes et des virages serrés à l'intérieur des tunnels afin que les trains puissent gravir la montagne plus rapidement. Lors de l'invasion allemande de la Norvège en 1940, les travaux de construction s'arrêtèrent peu de temps avant que les Allemands ne prennent le relais. La ligne a été électrifiée en 1944.

    Selon le journal norvégien Dagens Næringsliv, 1,4 million de personnes ont visité Flåm en 2017. 90% de toutes ces personnes étaient étrangères. 40% venaient d'Asie, qui est le plus grand groupe de visiteurs.

    Le train:
    Le chemin de fer Flåm n'est exploité que par locomotive et wagons. Chaque train a jusqu'à 6 voitures et 2 locomotives. L'EL18, locomotive express classique, est le fleuron des trains longue distance entre Oslo et Bergen / Stavanger / Trondheim. Il s'agit de la version norvégienne de la locomotive Swiss Re 460 avec un moteur de la Re 465. Cette locomotive est équipée d'une charrue montée afin de faire face à l'énorme quantité de neige dans les hautes montagnes norvégiennes. Ils appartiennent à la société de location de trains Norske Tog AS.

    Type de locomotive EL18
    [​IMG]

    Voiture voyageurs de type B3 - Les wagons utilisés sont du type B3. Ils ont été construits entre 1962 et 1973 avec une vitesse maximale de 120 km / h.
    [​IMG]

    Les stations:

    Flåm - Point de départ. 2 mètres d'altitude. Situé au fond du fjord Aurland, un bras de fjord du plus grand fjord de Norvège appelé Sognefjorden, entouré de hautes montagnes. La station est exploitée par un chef de station. La station a été ouverte en 1940.
    [ATTACH = complet] 31879 [/ ATTACH]

    Lunden
    - 16 mètres au-dessus du niveau de la mer. Arrêt à voie unique où les trains ne s'arrêtent qu'à la demande. Ouvert en 1942.
    [​IMG]

    Håreina
    - 48 mètres au-dessus du niveau de la mer. Un autre arrêt à voie unique où les trains ne s'arrêtent qu'à la demande. Ouvert en 1941.
    [​IMG]

    Berekvam
    - 343,8 mètres d'altitude. Exploité par un chef de gare et c'est la seule gare sur la ligne où les trains peuvent se rencontrer. Une seule plateforme. Ouvert en 1940.
    [​IMG]


    Blomheller
    - 450 mètres d'altitude. Le même type d'arrêt à voie unique. Ouvert en 1942.
    [​IMG]


    Kjosfossen
    - 670 mètres d'altitude. Arrêt à voie unique. La célèbre cascade de Kjosfossen se trouve juste à côté de la plate-forme. Sa longueur de chute est d'env. 225 mètres. Les trains ne s'arrêtent ici que pendant l'été. De l'autre côté de l'arrêt, il y a une centrale électrique alimentant le Flåm Railway. D'ailleurs, pendant l'été, Huldra va chanter et danser ici pour attirer les hommes à la suivre dans les montagnes ce qui n'est pas une bonne idée!
    [​IMG]


    Reinunga
    - 768 mètres d'altitude. Arrêt de la demande. Ouvert en 1942.
    [​IMG]


    Vatnahalsen
    - 811 mètres d'altitude. Arrêt de la demande. Il y a un hôtel à proximité qui porte le même nom. Ouvert en 1941.
    [​IMG]


    Myrdal
    - Fin de la ligne Flåm. Ouvert en 1908. Exploité par un chef de gare. Situé à 866.8 mètres d'altitude. Connexion à la ligne Oslo-Bergen (Bergensbanen).
    [​IMG]

    Repères:
    Église de Flåm - Église des années 1600 au design moderne. Situé à proximité des voies ferrées.
    [​IMG]

    Cascade de Rjoandefossen - Une chute de 150 mètres. Gèle complètement en hiver.
    [​IMG]

    Cascade de Kjosfossen - Une chute de 225 mètres. Gèle également en hiver.
    [​IMG]

    "Hylla" - Une fenêtre de tunnel. Le chemin de fer traverse ce tunnel et vous pouvez voir la vallée de Flåm à partir de là.
    [ATTACH = complet] 31888 [/ ATTACH]

    Lac Reinungavatnet
    [​IMG]

    Hôtel Vatnahalsen
    [​IMG]


    Je pense que c'est une bonne suggestion pour Dovetail Games où vous pouvez découvrir la belle nature de la Norvège occidentale et vous mettre au défi de conduire sur la ligne de chemin de fer la plus raide d'Europe du Nord, en particulier avec la nouvelle physique de l'adhésion.

    Veuillez me faire savoir si quelque chose ne va pas et doit être modifié.

    -------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------
    Sources (mise à jour le 09.09.2020):
    - Photo 1 The Flåm Railway - Photographe inconnu

    - Bane NOR - https://www.banenor.no/Jernbanen/Banene/Flamsbana/ (en norvégien)
    - Dagens Næringsliv - https://www.dn.no/reiseliv/kina/tur...mer-den-nye-kinesiske-turistbolgen/2-1-134133 (en norvégien)
    - Photo 2 Locomotive EL18 - © Ilkka Siissalo - https://www.nic.funet.fi/index/pics...ic/no-nsb-flaamsbanatog-flaam-020716-full.jpg

    - Photo 3 voiture de type B3 - © Ilkka Siissalo - https://www.nic.funet.fi/index/pics...no-nsb-flaamsbanavogner-flaam-020716-full.jpg
    - Photo 4 Station Flåm - Capture d'écran YouTube: © RailCowGirl - https://www.youtube.com/RailCowGirl/
    - Photo 5 Arrêt Lunden - © Jan-Tore Egge - https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunden_holdeplass
    - Photo 6 Arrêt Håreina - © Banja-Frans Mulder - https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Håreina_holdeplass

    - Photo 7 Station Berekvam - © Hans Christian Davidsen - https://www.rail-pictures.com/bild/...s~Various/34759/el-18-2252-on-the-fl229m.html
    - Photo 8 Arrêt Blomheller - © Hannob - https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Blomheller-station.jpg
    - Photo 9 Arrêt Kjosfossen - © Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...oversikt/flamsbana/kjosfossen/kjosfossen6.jpg
    - Photo 10 Arrêt Reinunga - © Lolsson2 -
    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/Reinunga_hpl.JPG/1280px-Reinunga_hpl.JPG
    - Photo 11 Arrêt Vatnahalsen - © Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...versikt/flamsbana/vatnahalsen/vatnahalsen.jpg
    - Photo 12 Station Myrdal - © Njål Svingheim - https://www.banenor.no/globalassets...jonsoversikt/bergensbanen/myrdal/myrdala3.jpg
    - Photo 13 Église de Flåm - Photographe inconnu - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_1063-scaled.jpg
    - Photo 14 Cascade de Rjoandefossen - Photographe inconnu - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_1071-scaled.jpg
    - Photo 15 Cascade de Kjosfossen - Photographe inconnu - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_0297-scaled.jpg
    - Photo 16 Fenêtre du tunnel Hylla - © Tor Tollnes - https://jernbane.net/uploadg/ggddhjhdf.bmp.jpg
    - Photo 17 Lac Reinungavatnet - Photographe inconnu - https://usercontent.one/wp/www.hymerliv.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/IMG_0286-scaled.jpg
    - Photo 18 Vatnahalsen Mountain Hotel - Photographe inconnu - https://images.citybreakcdn.com/image.aspx?ImageId=4669730&width=1000&height=1000&fitaspect=1
    [/ QUOTE]
    can you take a picture of the cab of the EL 18
     
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  7. elatn

    elatn Active Member

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    The first post is now updated. :)
     
  8. Ps4Player

    Ps4Player Well-Known Member

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    Sounds and looks really really good. But maximum speed 40 km/h is way to slow (for me :)). Still a nice proposal! Great effort.
     
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  9. cyrill.kroonstuiver

    cyrill.kroonstuiver Well-Known Member

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    Absolutely hope this happens!
    I've been on the Flåmsbana a few years ago and it was absolutely astonishing!
     
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  10. cyrill.kroonstuiver

    cyrill.kroonstuiver Well-Known Member

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    True, but it would be a little bit like a more exciting West Somerset Railway route in my opinion.
    A slow speed tourist route, but with more of a challenge considering the steep incline or descent, and in my own honest opinion, a lot more picturesque.
     
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  11. Commiee

    Commiee Well-Known Member

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    This fine suggestion needs more exposure in the section.
     
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  12. zefreak

    zefreak Active Member

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    I rode this line 4 years ago and it was amazing, would love this in the game
     
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  13. Purno

    Purno Well-Known Member

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    Agreed. Unfortunately the interesting suggestions get overrun by numerous badly detailed suggestions. :(
     
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  14. jolojonasgames

    jolojonasgames Well-Known Member

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    The route is of great interest to me, as my grandmother used to organize tourist excursions to Norway, and this was part of the stops.

    I also remember reading a mystery novel as a kid that was set on this route.

    However, the 40/30 km/h speed limit does make me doubt a bit whether it's my kind of gameplay. Still, I totally support this route, as I'm sure it will interest a lot of players!

    On the more technical side, great suggestion it's detailed and informative!
     
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  15. tibomatthijs

    tibomatthijs Active Member

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    such a senic route! this would be awesome to have in TSW althrough is isn't that big but it still can be really fun!
     
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  16. zefreak

    zefreak Active Member

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    The more I think about it, the more I wish we had VR support in TSW2. This railway is one that I would sit in the coach and ride an AI service just for the view.
     
  17. Commiee

    Commiee Well-Known Member

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    Would be interesting to read about the history of all the stations that opened during WW2 - were they built by the occupation forces?
     
  18. JJTimothy

    JJTimothy Well-Known Member

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    In Britain an episode of the Channel 5 show World's Most Scenic Railway Journeys was made in Norway and devoted some time to the Flåm line. It might still be available on line.
     

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