Train Sim World 2 Proposal - Toronto Subway Line 2 "Bloor-Danforth" The Toronto Subway is the busiest rapid transit system in Canada, carrying over approximately 1.58 million passengers daily. Line 2, also referred to as the Bloor-Danforth line, is Toronto’s second subway line and is operated by the third-largest transit agency in North America, the Toronto Transit Commission. Opened in 1966, the line currently travels from the west end of Toronto, Kipling Station, to the east end of Toronto, Kennedy Station. One thing that makes the Toronto Subway System special is that it uses an irregular track gauge of 1,495mm instead of the standard 1,435mm track gauge. Route As stated earlier, Line 2 currently runs from Kennedy Station in the east, to Kipling Station in the west. There are 29 intermediate stations making 31 total along the line. Four stations along the line connect to other lines. Spadina, St. George, and Bloor-Yonge connect to Line 1, while Kennedy Station connects to Line 3 that goes further into Scarborough in the east. 2017 TTC Subway Map. Photo Credit: TTC (Line 2 is the Green Line) Line 2 has an average of ~500,000 daily riders (based on 2018 stats) and is 26.2 km (16.3 miles) in length. This may not seem like a long route, but the travel time end to end is approximately 45 minutes to a little over an hour, depending on the time of day. Below is a video of a cab view ride on Line 2 from Kipling to Kennedy, traveling eastbound, by YouTuber TrainsToronto. It gives a good feeling and a look at what the route should be like in Train Sim World 2. A detailed geographical map of the line along with many others in the Toronto area can be found here. Track guides for the subway system can be found here. Yonge Station Yonge Station is the busiest station on Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. The station is also known as "Bloor-Yonge Station" but that is the name used when you are on Line 1. It has a centre platform design and is located just below the Line 1 platform. You can interchange between Lines 1 and 2 at this station. Yonge Station is a major hub in the city to get travellers in and out of the downtown core. View of the eastbound platform at Yonge Station. Photo Credit: Unknown Author (via Station Fixation) Kennedy Station Kennedy station is the eastern terminus of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. This station provides a connection to the Line 3 Scarborough RT and many TTC bus routes aboveground. The station has a centre platform design and has a tail track east of the station which can store trains when needed. View of the platform level at Kennedy Station. Photo Credit: Unknown Author (via Station Fixation) Kipling Station Kennedy station is the western terminus of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. This station provides connections to TTC and regional bus routes aboveground. This station is actually at grade but is covered by a bus terminal above. This station includes a centre platform and a tail track west of the station to store trains when needed. There is also an unused tunnel on the north side of the station, which can be used for storage if TTC wanted to. It can be accessed by the 3rd portal when entering the station, tracks were never laid though. It is also important to note that the walls have been updated to white panels. View of the platform level at Kipling Station. Photo Credit: Unknown Author (via Station Fixation) Old Mill Station Old Mill Station is one of my personal favourites out of all of the stations on Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. This station is very unique since it is both underground and aboveground with glass windows. This station also provides connections to TTC bus routes. Although it is not the busiest, it is sure one of the prettiest. A full 3D walkthrough of this station can be found here. View of Old Mill Station looking from Bloor Street West. Photo Credit: John Martins-Manteigar (via Vikpahwa) Landmarks Prince Edward Viaduct - this is a double-deck arched bridge with pedestrian and vehicular traffic on the top deck and the subway on the lower deck. Line 2 uses this bridge to go across the Don Valley. The bridge provides incredible views of the Don Valley and the rest of the city. During the night, the colorful lights on the bridge are lit up, making it look very spectacular. Prince Edward Viaduct. Photo Credit: Paul Dexxus (via Wikipedia) Humber River - this river runs through the west side of the city into Lake Ontario. Line 2 crosses the river using its own bridge, which is grade-separated. This area is one of the nicest outdoor sections of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth, you can see it between Jane and Old Mill stations. View looking north at Line 2 Bloor-Danforth and the Humber River from Bloor Street West. Photo Credit: Google Maps Streetview Yards There are two yards that serve Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. In addition to the two yards, there are many storage tracks along the mainline which are referred to as pocket tracks. Greenwood Yard Greenwood Yard is the main yard that serves the rolling stock of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth. At this yard, trains are both stored and maintained. The yard is located above ground at 400 Greenwood Avenue and connects to Line 2 via an underground, multi-level wye between Donlands and Greenwood stations. Greenwood Yard. Photo Credit: Andrew Paterson (via Flickr) Keele Yard Keele Yard, also formally referred to as Vincent Yard, is a small yard that stores trains. It is located between Dundas West and Keele stations. The yard is mostly above ground, with 4 tunnels included to store trains. To access the yard, you must go through a passageway at Dundas West station or the track level entrance accessed on a nearby Street. Keele yard has a capacity of 8 train sets, though it does not maintain trains. 4 train sets are supposed to be stored here overnight along with work trains. Keele Yard, Facing West. Photo Credit: James Bow (via Transit Toronto) Open Cut Sections Line 2 Bloor-Danforth, is mostly underground but has a number of open-cut sections. An open-cut section is a section of track that is outdoors, not within a tunnel. These sections are listed below: In between Kennedy and Warden stations until just after Victoria Park station Prince Edward Viaduct between Broadview and Castle Frank stations In between Dundas West and Keele stations In between High Park and Runnymede stations After Jane station to Old Mill station, crossing the Humber River After Royal York station to before Islington station In between Islington and Kipling stations Pocket Tracks As mentioned above, TTC has several Pocket Tracks to store trains along the mainline. These include the following; Islington Pocket Track, east of Islington Station. Ossington Pocket Track, east of Ossington Station. Broadview Pocket Track, east of Broadview Station. Kipling Tail Track, west of Kipling Station (Terminus) Kennedy Tail Track, east of Kennedy Station (Terminus) These pocket tracks can be used to turn around trains, store broken down trains, store spare trains that are put into service when needed, or to store work equipment. An example of a pocket Track, this one is located north of Finch West Station on Line 1. Photo credit: TTC Crossovers Relating to Pocket Tracks, there are several Crossovers along the line used to turn back trains as well. These can be found at; Kipling Station (Terminus) Kennedy Station (Terminus) Jane Station Keele Station St. George Station Woodbine Station Victoria Park Station Warden Station Crossover east of Keele Station. Photo Credit: Rodney Boyd (via Wikipedia) Signalling System And Trackside Signs Line 2 Bloor Danforth uses a fixed block signaling system, which is explained in detail in this video made by T2P Films. The Toronto Subway System doesn’t use set speed limits, rather timed signals which require you to be going at a certain speed for them to clear. And also in this Wikipedia article: Link T2P Films is known for making the Toronto Subway routes for the train simulator ‘OpenBVE’. They would be a great reference for information and resources if this route is developed since they have good knowledge of how the subway system works. They also have many sounds already recorded which include; onboard train announcements, station announcements, train propulsion, and braking audio. Example of a double aspect signal, this model is used at crossovers. Photo Credit: Unknown Author (via Station Fixation) Wayside and Trackside Signs Parallel: A Yellow sign with a black P. Tells the driver to go Full Power Series: A Yellow Sign with a black S. This tells the driver to go in the Series power position, normally used before Crossovers, curves, reduced speed zones, or when approaching a terminus station. No Power/Coast: A black sign with a white zero. This tells the driver to coast and/or maintain a constant speed. Pairs of 6: Each station has a pair of “6” signs. These are yellow signs with a black 6. The first 6 tells the driver where he or she should start breaking the train. The second 6 indicates where the train should be stopped on the platform. Stop Marker: a Red Circle. usually found along the platform wall at a station, when the cab window of the operator’s cab is lined up with this red circle it indicates that the train is stopped properly. Guard’s Marker: A green upwards facing triangle, also found along the platform wall at a station. This tells your guard at the back of the train that the train is aligned properly when the cab window lines up with this green triangle. To make sure they’re paying attention, TTC's policy states they must point at it before opening the doors. Orange Guard Marker: A Yellow / Orange upwards facing triangle, also found along the station wall. After the train doors are closed and the train starts moving, Guards are required to look out of the window and observe the platform while the train is departing. The orange triangle marker tells the Guard when he or she can stop looking out. Examples of each sign are embedded as links. At the end of every platform, there is a blue light which indicates where the EAS (Emergency Alarm Station) is. The EAS houses the emergency traction power cut button and a PAX phone which used to contact transit control and emergency services. In the tunnels, there are also blue lights that are placed every ~100 meters or so (full 6 car train length). Just like at the stations, they show where the EAS is. Blue pax light indicating where the EAS is at the end of St. Patrick station on Line 1. Photo Credit: Typhoonski (via Narcity) More information and details about these Wayside signs can be found using these two videos posted below: Electronic Next Arrival Displays Every station on Line 2 Bloor-Danforth has electronic next arrival and advertising displays. The next train arrival aspect of the screen is shown in the black bar area at the bottom portion of the screen. It shows the line bullet, terminus, and estimated arrival time. The rest of the screen features advertising space, date and time, weather forecast, sports scores, and news headlines. An example of the electronic next arrival displays found within the system. Photo Credit: Dan Levy (via Twitter) Tunnels There are two different types of tunnels in the Toronto subway system, open cut and bored tunnels. Open cut tunnels are square-shaped, built by using a method called “cut and cover”. Bored tunnels are tunnels created by a tunnel boring machine (TBM), they are circular in shape. The tunnels on Line 2 Bloor-Danforth are well lit with mostly white LED lights that are placed every few meters. There are few fluorescent lights seen within the system as well, but they are being phased out at a very fast pace. There are also the blue PAX lights placed every ~100 meters or so (6 cars length of a train), as mentioned earlier to indicate where the EAS is in the tunnel. There is also room to stand to the side on one side of the tunnel. Example of a bored tunnel on the Line 1 Toronto-York-Spadina-Subway-Extension (TYSSE). Photo Credit: Jovanna Kervin (via Twitter) Trains Since 2014, Line 2 has been exclusively run with Bombardier ‘T1’ trains, which have been in service since 1996. These trains run in three sets of two cars, referred to as “married pairs”, making a 6 car train. The T1 trains feature a silver-colour exterior body, a rollsign to display the train’s destination, exterior fluorescent lights, the doors are silver in colour on the outside and red on the inside and most of the passenger seats are red in colour, and blue for accessibility seating placed near the passenger side doors, both made out of fabric. T1 set eastbound between Victoria Park and Warden Stations. Photo Credit: Maxim Polyakov (used with permission) These trains were designed off the Hawker H6 train that had their last run in service in 2014. Improvements made on these trains include wider passenger side doors, the removal of interior centre aisle poles to allow for more accessibility, making them the first designated wheelchair accessible subway cars in TTC’s fleet, and a change in the driver cab compared to the previous Hawker subway cars. The TTC has outfitted the T1 fleet with many upgrades over the years including interior LED lighting, LED side destination signs, external audio announcements as the doors open, and CCTV Cameras. T1 Interior. Photo Credit: Unknown Author (via TorontoPoetry/Muse) An interesting fact about the T1 married pairs is that the unit with the fleet number ending with an even number is for the electrical equipment, and the unit with the fleet number ending in an odd number is for the pneumatic equipment. So for example, car 5020 would have electrical equipment, while car 5021 would have pneumatic equipment. T1 Train at Islington Station. Photo Credit: RA1113 (used with permission) The T1 Fleet does have a safety system called SCS (Speed Control System). More information can be obtained from TTC themselves. T1 Operators Cab (There is one per train car). Photo Credit: Enoch Leung (via Flickr) This playlist on YouTube was made by Transit Miranda which includes many compilation videos of the T1 Subway Fleet: Link This video by TechnicaProductions shows the undercarriage of the T1 subway cars, as well as features the horn: There are many more videos that can be found online that can be used as references. Conclusion I hope this route is considered to be added to Train Sim World 2. It would bring more variety into the game as it is a Canadian subway/metro route and would bring a very interesting driving experience. If Dovetail or any other 3rd party needs help getting in contact with somebody from the Toronto Transit Commission for licensing feel free to ask me. Please be sure to like this forum post and share it with others within the community if you would like to see this route featured in Train Sim World 2 to get the attention of the developers of the game. Leave your comments below telling me what you think about this route proposal, would you like to see it in the game? Thanks! Credits In addition to myself, a few others helped me a lot with the writing and research put into this suggestion proposal. These people are TripleJ814, aaron853, and RA1113. All photos and videos featured are credited as well.